This day in history: December 1

On this day, December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for disobeying an Alabama law requiring black passengers to relinquish seats to white passengers when the bus was full.

This day in history: November 30

Today is the last day of Native American Heritage Month. Today, we express deep gratitude and respect for the Kanatsiohareke Mohawk Community and the Oneida Nation of the Mohawk Valley.

This day in history: November 29

On November 29, 1832, author and suffragist, Louisa May Alcott was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania.

This day in history: November 28

On November 28, 1843, at the Court of London, the British and French governments formally recognized Hawaiian independence.

This day in history: November 22

On Friday, November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was shot as he rode in a motorcade through the streets of Dallas, Texas; he died shortly thereafter.

This day in history: November 18

On this day in history, November 18, 1945, Wilma Pearl Mankiller was born and is honored as the first female Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation. She was a remarkable leader that worked tirelessly for Native American rights.

This day in history: November 17

On this day in history, November 17, 1878, Immigration activist, Grace Abbott, is born in Grand Island, Nebraska.

This day in history: November 16

On this day, November 16, 1974, the Arecibo message is broadcast an interstellar radio message from the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico.

Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union Between the States… Williamsburg [Va.]: Printed by Alexander Purdie, 1777. Printed Ephemera: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera. Rare Book and Special Collections Division.

This day in history: November 15

On November 15, 1777, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation.

Benjamin Franklin opening first subscription library in Philadelphia. Photograph of a painting by Charles E. Mills, between 1900 and 1912. cFranklin Foundation. Detroit Publishing Company. Prints & Photographs Division

This day in history: November 14

On November 14, 1732, The Library Company of Philadelphia founded by Benjamin Franklin, signed a contract with its first librarian.